Average Medicare reimbursements are used here to estimate health care spending per person in Fulton County. While Medicare reimbursements do not capture spending by everyone receiving health care, it does serve as a useful means of comparing spending between different parts of the U.S. The data used for this measure come from the Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care, which calculates average reimbursements per person for U.S. counties using Medicare claims from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). Average rates of spending are adjusted for regional differences in prices and for the age, sex and race of the underlying Medicare population.
This performance measure tracks the percentage of residents who are satisfied with court services as estimated through a survey conducted in partnership with the A. L. Burruss Institute of Public Service and Research in which Fulton County residents were asked "How satisfied are you with court services? Would you say that you are currently very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied?" Respondents who answered "very satisfied" or "somewhat satisfied" were counted as being satisfied. Respondents who had no opinion were excluded from the calculation. The first survey was conducted between August and October of 2016 and a second survey was conducted in the fall of 2017.
This measure tracks the accessibility of public libraries in Fulton County. A library is considered accessible if it is within a 5-mile driving distance of a residence. The area within a 5-mile driving distance was determined through an analysis using geographic information systems (GIS) software.
A crime can be considered solved, or "cleared", by law enforcement agencies in two basic ways--by arrest or by exceptional means. When a crime is solved by arrest, three conditions must be met: at least one person has been arrested, charged with the offense and turned over to the courts for prosecution. According to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, the calculation for the clearance rate is based on the number of crimes, not the number of persons arrested. In order to meet the requirements for clearing a crime based on exceptional means, the law enforcement agency must have identified the offender and the offender's location, gathered enough evidence to make a charge and turn the offender over for prosecution, and encountered some circumstance that prevented the offender from being arrested, charged and prosecuted. Examples of those circumstances include the death of the offender or the refusal of the victim to cooperate with the prosecution.
The data used for this measure came from a web tool provided by National Public Radio (NPR) based on data compiled from the FBI. Data were available for only ten of the fourteen police departments in the county, but those ten represent over 90 percent of the county's population. The Fulton County Sheriff and university police departments were excluded because those agencies are generally involved in very few arrests or criminal investigations. The percentage of crimes solved is calculated by dividing the number of crimes solved in the year by the number of new crimes in the same year. Since some crimes solved may have occurred in a previous year, the clearance rate in some cases may be over 100 percent.
Part 1 crimes include murder and non-negligent homicide, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft and arson.
HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, attacks the body’s CD4 cells (T cells), which help the immune system fight off infections. If left untreated HIV can lead to the disease AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). AIDS is the stage of infection that occurs when your immune system is badly damaged and you become vulnerable to opportunistic infections. A new HIV diagnosis is defined as a diagnosis of HIV infection regardless of the stage of disease (stage 0, 1, 2, 3 [AIDS], or unknown) and refers to all persons with a diagnosis of HIV infection during the the latest year for which data are available. This is a measure of incidence and is not to be confused with HIV prevalence, which is a measure of the number of persons living with diagnosed HIV.
Obesity is defined in terms of Body Mass Index (BMI), which is a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. A adult with a BMI from 18.5 to 24.9 is considered to have a normal or healthy weight. Below 18.5 is considered underweight, from 25 to 29.9 is overweight and 30 and over is obese. Although BMI is an indirect measure of body fat and should be used for screening rather than diagnosis at the individual level, studies have shown that BMI correlates with body fat and future health risks and is therefore a reliable measure of the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a population.
Housing affordability burden for renters represents the percentage of households in Fulton County with annual income less than $20,000 that spend over 30% of their income on rents. Paying over 30% of household income on housing presents a significant burden for low income homeowners and leave them with limited income for other essential spending.