This measure tracks the percentage of third graders attending public schools in Fulton County who scored at or above the level set for students on the track to college and career readiness, measured as the percentage of students in 6tg to 8th grade achieving a Lexile measure equal to or greater than 650 on the Georgia Milestones English Language Arts (ELA) end-of-grade (EOG) assessment. Students scoring at this level have demonstrated proficiency in the knowledge and skills as specified in Georgia’s content standards and are considered prepared for the next grade level or course and are on track for college and career readiness.
This performance measure tracks the percentage of residents who say they feel safe in their community as estimated through a survey conducted in partnership with the A. L. Burruss Institute of Public Service and Research in which Fulton County residents were asked "How safe do you feel in your community? Do you feel very safe, somewhat safe, somewhat unsafe or very unsafe?" Respondents who answered "very safe" or "somewhat safe" were counted as feeling safe. The first survey was conducted between August and October of 2016 and a second survey was conducted in the fall of 2017. As of February 2018, only the results of 2016 were available and those are the results shown on this page.
This measure tracks the number of health-based water violations by all medium to very large public water systems in Fulton County. Health-based violations occur when a water system detects levels of a contaminant exceeding the safety level (called the maximum contaminant level (MCL)) or when the water system fails to treat the water as required to remove particular contaminants (called a treatment technique violation). Fulton County and the City of Atlanta operate the largest public water systems in the county, but there a number of smaller system included in this measure.
Average Medicare reimbursements are used here to estimate health care spending per person in Fulton County. While Medicare reimbursements do not capture spending by everyone receiving health care, it does serve as a useful means of comparing spending between different parts of the U.S. The data used for this measure come from the Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care, which calculates average reimbursements per person for U.S. counties using Medicare claims from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). Average rates of spending are adjusted for regional differences in prices and for the age, sex and race of the underlying Medicare population.
This measure tracks the percentage of residents who lack convenient access to markets where healthy foods such as fresh fruits and vegetables are sold. Factors restricting access include physical proximity, access to a vehicle and household income. The calculation of the percentage required an in-depth analysis of data related to the locations of food markets. The methodology for the analysis drew from work by the U.S. Department of Agriculture aimed at identifying "food deserts" across the country; however, in order to better inform policy decisions at the local level, the analysis was performed using geographic units roughly equating to neighborhoods.
The Gini index is the most commonly used measure of income distribution and is estimated annually for U.S. populations by the Census Bureau based on household income. The Gini index has a theoretical range of 0 to 1. An index of 0 indicates perfect equality, where all households have the same income. An index of 1 indicates maximal inequality, where one household has all the income and the others have none. The Gini indices for the U.S. and for the state of Georgia for 2016 were both around 0.48. (It should be noted that the Gini index can be calculated in different ways and can therefore vary between sources for the same population. The Census Bureau, for example, calculates the index based on pre-tax income, so their index will appear high compared to sources that use income after tax transfers.)