The average available internet speed is measured as the average of the maximum advertised commercial internet speeds available to households in each census block in the County. The data on commercial internet availability come from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), which requires internet providers to report advertised speeds delivered within each census block in the U.S. Where multiple providers offer service, the highest speed was used to calculate the average for all census blocks, using the number of households in the block as a weighting factor.
This measure tracks the accessibility of public libraries in Fulton County. A library is considered accessible if it is within a 5-mile driving distance of a residence. The area within a 5-mile driving distance was determined through an analysis using geographic information systems (GIS) software.
A crime can be considered solved, or "cleared", by law enforcement agencies in two basic ways--by arrest or by exceptional means. When a crime is solved by arrest, three conditions must be met: at least one person has been arrested, charged with the offense and turned over to the courts for prosecution. According to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, the calculation for the clearance rate is based on the number of crimes, not the number of persons arrested. In order to meet the requirements for clearing a crime based on exceptional means, the law enforcement agency must have identified the offender and the offender's location, gathered enough evidence to make a charge and turn the offender over for prosecution, and encountered some circumstance that prevented the offender from being arrested, charged and prosecuted. Examples of those circumstances include the death of the offender or the refusal of the victim to cooperate with the prosecution.
The data used for this measure came from a web tool provided by National Public Radio (NPR) based on data compiled from the FBI. Data were available for only ten of the fourteen police departments in the county, but those ten represent over 90 percent of the county's population. The Fulton County Sheriff and university police departments were excluded because those agencies are generally involved in very few arrests or criminal investigations. The percentage of crimes solved is calculated by dividing the number of crimes solved in the year by the number of new crimes in the same year. Since some crimes solved may have occurred in a previous year, the clearance rate in some cases may be over 100 percent.
Part 1 crimes include murder and non-negligent homicide, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft and arson.
The Air Quality Index (AQI) is an index for reporting daily air quality, which is calculated based on the pollutant concentration of criteria air pollutants regulated by the Clean Air Act. The higher the AQI value, the greater the level of air pollution and the greater the health concern. AQI value of 101-150 indicates air quality condition is unhealthy for Sensitive Groups, which include children, elderly and people with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.
This measure tracks the percentage of public high school students in Fulton County who scored at or above the level set for students on the track to college and career readiness, measured as the percentage of students achieving a Lexile measure greater than or equal to 1275 on the Georgia Milestones American Literature and Composition End of Course assessment. Students scoring at this level have demonstrated proficiency in the knowledge and skills as specified in Georgia’s content standards and are considered prepared for the next grade level or course and are on track for college and career readiness.