A crime can be considered solved, or "cleared", by law enforcement agencies in two basic ways--by arrest or by exceptional means. When a crime is solved by arrest, three conditions must be met: at least one person has been arrested, charged with the offense and turned over to the courts for prosecution. According to the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, the calculation for the clearance rate is based on the number of crimes, not the number of persons arrested. In order to meet the requirements for clearing a crime based on exceptional means, the law enforcement agency must have identified the offender and the offender's location, gathered enough evidence to make a charge and turn the offender over for prosecution, and encountered some circumstance that prevented the offender from being arrested, charged and prosecuted. Examples of those circumstances include the death of the offender or the refusal of the victim to cooperate with the prosecution.
The data used for this measure came from a web tool provided by National Public Radio (NPR) based on data compiled from the FBI. Data were available for only ten of the fourteen police departments in the county, but those ten represent over 90 percent of the county's population. The Fulton County Sheriff and university police departments were excluded because those agencies are generally involved in very few arrests or criminal investigations. The percentage of crimes solved is calculated by dividing the number of crimes solved in the year by the number of new crimes in the same year. Since some crimes solved may have occurred in a previous year, the clearance rate in some cases may be over 100 percent.
Part 1 crimes include murder and non-negligent homicide, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft and arson.
This measure tracks the estimated percentage of residents who are satisfied with cultural program, classes and events sponsered by Fulton County based on responses from the annual resident survey conducted by Kennesaw State University. Residents are asked: "How would you rate the quality of classes/programs you and your family have participated in?". Respondents who answered "Excellent", "Very good" or "Good" were counted as satisfied.
This metric tracks the total number of private business establishments in the County. It is pulled from the quarterly updated database from the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics. The data include all privately owned businesses of all industries and all sizes. The Bureau of Labor Statistics defines an establishment as "[t]he physical location of a certain economic activity—for example, a factory, mine, store, or office."
Housing affordability burden for renters represents the percentage of households in Fulton County with annual income less than $20,000 that spend over 30% of their income on rents. Paying over 30% of household income on housing presents a significant burden for low income homeowners and leave them with limited income for other essential spending.
The Environmental Health Division of the Fulton County Department of Health & Wellness is responsible for the permitting and periodic inspection of all food service establishments in the county. Food service establishments are defined as establishments used in the preparation, manufacturing or processing, and service of meals, lunches, short orders, sandwiches, frozen desserts, or other edible products. Establishments are rated using an inspection report with 18 categories, each focused on a specific area food safety. Each inspection results in a numeric score and a corresponding grade of A, B, C or U. This measure tracks the annual percentage of inspections that result in a grade of A.
The employment rate among young adults is the annual percentage of residents of Fulton County between the age of 20 and 34 in the labor force who are currently employed. The rate is an estimate based on the U.S. Census Bureau's latest available American Community Survey data on employment status.
Median household income is the amount which divides the income distribution into two equal groups, half of households having income above that amount, and half having income below that amount. Income includes wage or salary income; net self-employment income; interest, dividends, or net rental or royalty income or income from estates and trusts; Social Security or Railroad Retirement income; Supplemental Security Income (SSI); public assistance or welfare payments; and retirement, survivor, or disability pensions.
The case clearance rate measures how well the court is keeping up with its incoming case load. A clearance rate of 100% represents a court that is disposing of the same number of cases it is receiving. A clearance rate above 100% represents a court that is disposing of more cases than it is receiving. A clearance rate below 100% represents a court that is disposing of fewer cases than it is receiving. This measure includes only felony cases, which are handled by the Fulton County Superior Court.